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The Ultimate Trigger Point Injections Guide

Are you struggling with chronic muscle pain that just won’t go away? Trigger point injections might be the solution you’ve been searching for!

This powerful treatment can provide fast and long-lasting relief from muscle pain caused by trigger points, allowing you to take control of your pain and get back to enjoying life. Discover the benefits of trigger point injections, how the procedure works, and how to find a qualified pain specialist near you.

Key Takeaways

  • Trigger point injections provide fast relief from chronic muscle pain, improved range of motion and strength.
  • The procedure consists of cleansing the injection site, administering local anesthetic and injecting a solution into the trigger point.

Understanding Trigger Points and Their Impact on Pain

Trigger points, or small bumps, nodules, or knots in muscles, are a common source of chronic muscle pain. Often found in the upper back and shoulder region, they can contribute to tension headaches and even referred pain, a phenomenon wherein a trigger point causes pain in a distant region of the body due to the involvement of a nearby nerve.

Research shows that around 85% of people have experienced myofascial pain and trigger points at some point in their life. If left untreated, this issue can lead to more serious problems.

A person dealing with upper back pain.

Trigger point injection treatments have been developed to provide pain relief by relaxing the affected muscles and interrupting the nerve signaling pathways responsible for referred pain. Primary healthcare providers and pain specialists are experienced in diagnosing and treating myofascial pain using various pain management treatments, such as trigger point injections.

Types of Trigger Points

There are two main types of trigger points: active and latent. Active trigger points elicit pain upon palpation, whereas latent trigger points do not cause pain when palpated.

Both types of trigger points can result in pain, discomfort, reduced range of motion, and muscle weakness. If these trigger points remain untreated, they could result in additional muscle tension and chronic muscle pain.

Common Locations for Trigger Points

Trigger points are commonly found in various muscle groups:

  • Upper trapezius
  • Rhomboids
  • Scalene
  • Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
  • Levator scapulae
  • Back and leg muscles
  • Neck muscles
  • Quadratus lumborum muscle

One well-known example of a trigger point causing pain is piriformis syndrome, a condition where the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve, causing pain or numbness in the buttocks and down the back of the leg.

The Benefits of Trigger Point Injections

These injections provide fast pain relief, often within 10-15 minutes, and can help reduce muscle tension, muscle spasms, and referred pain. Trigger point injections are beneficial for improving range of motion, strength and flexibility in the muscles.

A older woman showing her flexibility.

The trigger point injection procedure is typically an outpatient procedure and involves the administration of a local anesthetic to numb the injection site before injecting the anesthetic and steroid solution.

Most patients report minimal discomfort during the procedure, making it a low-risk treatment option for chronic muscle pain.

Trigger Point Injection Procedure: Step by Step

Let’s examine the procedure in more detail. The trigger point injection process includes the following steps:

  1. Cleansing the injection site
  2. Administering a local anesthetic to desensitize the injection site
  3. Injecting small quantities of anesthetic and steroids into the trigger point to provide pain relief and prevent nerve damage.

We prioritize your comfort and take measures to reduce any potential risks.

Preparing for the Injection

Before your trigger point injection appointment, there are a few steps you can take to ensure a smooth and comfortable experience.

First, during the physical exam and consultation, our physician will inquire about your medical history and current symptoms and may perform a physical exam to pinpoint the trigger points.

To prepare for the injection itself, wear loose, comfortable clothing and abstain from eating or drinking for at least two hours before the injection. This will help ensure that you are comfortable during the procedure and minimize any potential complications.

During the Injection

During the trigger point injection procedure, we will first numb the injection site with a local anesthetic to minimize any discomfort.

Once the area is numb, a small needle is used to inject the anesthetic and steroid solution into the trigger point. Most patients report minimal discomfort during the procedure, and the needle used is quite small.

After the Injection

Following the trigger point injection, you may experience some discomfort or discoloration at the injection site. Most patients find that the relief from their symptoms is well worth the minor discomfort.

The relief from the injection may last for several days or weeks, depending on your individual circumstances and the severity of your pain.

A person happy from relief of pain from trigger point injections.

Monitor the injection site for any signs of infection or adverse reactions, and consult your doctor if any issues arise.

It’s recommended to avoid strenuous activities or heavy lifting for a few days after the procedure to allow your body time to recover and heal.

How Long Do Trigger Point Injections Last?

The effects of trigger point injections can vary depending on the individual and your underlying health conditions.

Some individuals with no underlying health conditions may experience permanent results, while others with conditions such as fibromyalgia or myofascial pain syndrome may require recurrent injections.

The longevity of pain relief from trigger point injections can range from a few days to multiple months, depending on the type of injection used and the person receiving it.

Combining Trigger Point Injections with Other Treatments

Trigger point injections can be a powerful tool in your pain management arsenal, but they are not the only treatment option available.

Coupling trigger point injections with other complementary treatments allows you to craft a holistic pain management plan that caters to your unique needs and maximizes outcomes.


In conclusion, trigger point injections offer a low-risk and effective solution for individuals suffering from chronic muscle pain caused by trigger points. By providing fast pain relief and reducing muscle tension and spasms, these injections can help improve your overall quality of life and allow you to enjoy your favorite activities without discomfort.

Whether applied as a standalone treatment or combined with additional services, trigger point injections can play a key role in managing chronic pain. Reach out to us today to see how trigger point injections can help you!

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