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Trigger Point Injections

What Are Trigger Points?

Trigger points, also called myofascial trigger points, are small areas of muscle hypersensitivity often caused by trauma, overuse, or chronic conditions. Pressure on these points can cause pain and muscle twitching. They may also lead to referred pain, where discomfort is felt in other parts of the body. Understanding trigger points is key to managing musculoskeletal pain effectively.

Trigger points commonly occur in:

  • Buttocks 
  • Upper back
  • Lower back
  • Neck

Common causes of trigger points

  • Poor posture
  • Trauma or injury
  • Stress or tension
  • Muscular imbalances
  • Muscle overuse or repetitive strain

What is a Trigger Point Injection?

A trigger point injection (TPI) is a straightforward procedure designed to alleviate muscle pain and tension. By administering a local anesthetic directly into the trigger point, we effectively deactivate the troublesome area, providing immediate relief. This minimally invasive approach is highly effective in managing conditions such as myofascial pain syndrome and fibromyalgia. 

Trigger Point Injections Can Help With:

  • Alleviating myofascial pain
  • Improving range of motion and flexibility
  • Relieving headaches and migraines
  • Reducing stress and anxiety
  • Improving athletic performance and recovery
  • Managing chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia
  • Promoting relaxation and better sleep

What Should You Expect from Trigger Point Injections?

During the procedure, you will typically lie down on a procedure table as your doctor locates and cleans the trigger point area. They will then pinch the area to stabilize it before inserting the needle and injecting the trigger point with medication. You may experience twitching and discomfort during this process, particularly if your muscles are tense, which can result in sensations like crunching or mild burning. After the injection, your doctor will often stretch and massage the muscle and surrounding area for additional relief.

Side effects of trigger point injections can include:

  • Pain or tenderness around the injection site
  • Numbness around the injection site
  • Swelling around the injection site
  • Discoloration or dimpling near the injection site
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Bleeding

These side effects typically subside within a couple of hours. However, if they persist or worsen over the following weeks, it’s important to contact your doctor. To minimize the risk of complications, it’s important to follow closely to your doctor’s instructions closely and inform them of any concerns or allergies beforehand. 

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